La superación del nihilismo en la obra de Albert Camús
The present work serves a double purpose: it aims to be a historical clarification of the content of Albert Camuss works as a whole, not only regarding his essays, but also his journalistic, literary and dramatic works. It also consists in establishing the authors strictly philosophical conception, considering its ethical, political, aesthetic and metaphysical elements. The historical study intends to demonstrate that the metaphysical substratum on which Camuss ideas are based emerges from Nietzsches criticism of nihilism. It also wants to prove that this thinker is not existentialist. At last, this analysis seeks to demonstrate that Camus should be included in the philosophical current of philosophy of life, with Nietzsche, Bergson and Ortega y Gasset. As an extension of the previous analysis, the philosophical one aims to establish the conceptual presuppositions and the significance of Camuss vitalistic doctrine. How to act when one believes neither in God nor in Reason? If classic Reason, as an abstractive one, betrays individuality, what philosophical comprehension could human beings adopt? Nihilism, the absurd, revolt are the concepts studied which support this new ethical and aesthetic model, with a hermeneutic dimension. The human being is comprehensible according the Aristotles category of verisimilitude; therefore Camus defends a literary philosophy that could overcome the traditional opposition between poetry and philosophy.