Intra- and Inter-Rater Reliability of Strength Measurements Using A Pull Hand-Held Dynamometer Fixed to the Examiner's Body and Comparison with Push Dynamometry

Abstract
Hand held dynamometers (HHDs) are the most used method to measure strength in clinical sitting. There are two methods to realize the assessment: pull and push. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of a new measurement modality for pull HHD and to compare the inter-rater reliability and agreement of the measurements. Forty healthy subjects were evaluated by two assessors with different body composition and manual strength. Fifteen isometric tests were performed in two sessions with a one-week interval between them. Reliability was examined using the intra-class correlation (ICC) and the standard error of measurement (SEM). Agreement between raters was examined using paired t-tests. Intra- and interrater reliability for the tests performed with the pull HHD showed excellent values, with ICCs ranging from 0.991 to 0.998. For tests with values higher than 200 N, push HHD showed greater differences between raters than pull HHD. Pull HHD attached to the examiner's body is a method with excellent reliability to measure isometric strength and showed better agreement between examiners, especially for those tests that showed high levels of strength. Pull HHD is a new alternative to perform isometric tests with less rater dependence.
Description
Bibliographic reference
González-Rosalén, J., Benítez-Martínez, J. C., Medina-Mirapeix, F., Cuerda-Del Pino, A., Cervelló, A., & Martín-San Agustín, R. (2021). Intra- and Inter-Rater Reliability of Strength Measurements Using a Pull Hand-Held Dynamometer Fixed to the Examiner’s Body and Comparison with Push Dynamometry. En Diagnostics (Vol. 11, Issue 7, p. 1230). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11071230