Gaceta internacional de ciencias forenses. 2016. No. 21

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    La oculta pero evidente amenaza del catéter
    (2016) Verdú Pascual, Fernando Alejo
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    El olor humano: su aporte en la investigación criminal
    (2016) Castillo, Héctor Ricardo
    Inspection and processing the crime scene is interdisciplinary and vital task, since it is irreproducible. As performed it depends on the skills and knowledge of those who perform; search capability and identifying physical evidence of different nature, these produced in the event of fact and the exchange of victim-victimizer-place. All this in order to contribute to the criminal investigation the truth of the facts and the responsibility of the authors. Coordination, control and call specialists rests with a person who will direct and plan the tasks in place, prior appraisal of the scene, being an integral and participative work. Among the evidence produced find human scent detection and identification which provides important information based this on the intervention of canine biological sensors by the specialized division. the case of homicide by mechanical asphyxia occurs whose victim was found rather vacant lot in rural areas, resulting in great contribution intervention division dogs with sniffer dogs, after assessing the scene and selection of sampling human odor by specialists in criminology, to thereby achieve the possible reconstruction of previous trajectory of the victim and relate the performance of the / the author / s.
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    La prueba pericial en los delitos financieros
    (2016) Barrios Ortega , Cecilia Ilusión
    The usefulness of expertise as proof in the criminal proceedings is a historically established theme. Its relevance and use in blue collar crimes, violent felonies associated with common crime, people of low education level and social status, is notorious (homicide necropsies, injury reports, sexual assaults, hand writing analysis within the realm of fraudulent activity). However, these crimes evolve with man and the appearance of white collar crimes, committed by men with higher education and wealth, or by financial corporations, demand new skills and expertise, including forensic auditing, which is an indispensable tool in the fight against delinquencies committed by organized crime, and money laundering among others; the need and application of these expert skills are contained in this work.
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    Nuevas sustancias psicoactivas en el mercado global: un nuevo reto para la persecución penal
    (2016) Quiñonez Zúñiga, Élida
    New psychoactive substances that fall outside international drug control conventions are not a novel phenomenon. Many of these substances were synthesized and patented in the early 1970s or even earlier, but only recently their chemistry or process of synthesis have been slightly modified to produce effects similar to known illicit substances. If is just recently the discovery of this new criminal industry it represents a new challenge for the criminal persecution.
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    Las implicaciones jurídicas por la colisión del derecho a la salud en menores de edad frente a la creencia religiosa de sus padres o tutores: el caso de los testigos de jehová
    (2016) Jiménez Díaz, Antonio; Peña, José Antonio; Donaxi Pinto Pérez, Erandini; Martínez Allegre, Alfonso
    the Mexican State marks an important guideline in its constitutional history, embodied in the reform that took place in 2011. Recognizing that human rights are above the standards of the state, extended the panorama in the field. However, when human rights collide, it is difficult to deliberate. There is, on the one hand, the human right to religious belief, and secondly, the rights to life and health, which as in the case of blood transfusions or surgical interventions in minors can generate conflict, this in because theological interpretation of the believers of the religion of Jehovah's Witnesses. In the case of the elderly, the principle of autonomy is evident, in which each person can decide whether to admit or reject an intervention, however in the case of minors, the approach is different because, regardless of the degree of psychological maturity, they can not choose, and restrictively internal legislation makes equal treatment to all children, regardless of age or degree of maturity. The dilemma involves parents and their responsibilities as well as the consequences of denying any treatment, and the doctors who are constrained to preserve the right to life and health of patients.
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    Suicidio de niños y adolescentes: estudio exploratorio cualitativo de ideal types a partir del discurso materno
    (2016) García Bellvís, Irene; Garbarino, Alejandro; Maggi, Irene; Rodríguez Alamada, Hugo
    : there are few qualitative studies of child and adolescent suicide from the psychodynamic perspective. Psychological autopsy has proven effective to study this phenomenon from an epidemiological point of view, while qualitative research in psychoanalysis allows profound understanding of the psychic mechanisms and underlying psychopathology at stake. Objectives: Determine the maternal representation of the relationship/attachment with parents of adolescents who committed suicide, through maternal discourse; construct a qualitative systematic typology for comprehension, from the maternal representation of the adolescent and the relationship between them, following the ideal types qualitative methodology; analyze characteristics of suicide notes/warnings, affective manifestations and psychiatric or psychological treatment. Methodology: A convenience sample of 15 suicides (11-19 years age range) was analyzed. The data obtained through psychological autopsy was analyzed according to the ideal types methodology, using five variables: maternal discourse characteristics, psychopathology, paternal presence, pathological environment and problems of origin. Results: Three clusters were determined. Type 1 (histrionic): histrionic disorder, with narcissistic vulnerability; continuity of representation of the child in the mother; paternal presence; no pathological environment; no problems of origin; Type 2 (psychotic): psychotic symptoms; continuity of representation of the child in the mother; paternal presence; no pathological environment; no problems of origin; Type 3 (multidimensional): Type B personality, maternal psychiatric illness (drugs, violence, instability); discontinuity of representation of the child in the mother; no paternal presence; pathological environment. Conclusions: The qualitative methodology utilized contributed to a further in-depth study of the problem. An analysis of the mother’s discourse can provide useful information regarding the characteristics of the relationship between the mother and adolescent who committed suicide. No single pattern as far as relationship between parents and adolescent can be established. Most cases (Type 3) suggest that there is a constellation of factors linked to origin, early stages of life and maternal functioning, that promote fragile personality organizations that are vulnerable to acting out and have a high suicide risk. Suicide prevention policies should take into account the different characteristics of the three populations described.