ItemVariació per tema: el discurs especialitzat o la variació funcional determinada per la temàtica : noves perspectives(1998) Cabré i Castellví, María TeresaSpecialised communication is increasingly becoming an interesting subject of study among linguists, particularly in Textual Linguistics. These linguists refer to specialised languages to indicate the particular resources used by the speakers in communicative situations which are involved in specialised transfer of knowledge. In this paper, the concept of specialised languages is redefined and stablished by the reduction of a language to its functional registers as determined by the communication topic and as placed within a grammar of variation. Consequently, we do not treat these functional resources as alanguage strictu sensu, that is, as a system with units and rules of different descriptive levels; but as a particular selection of possibilities offered by a grammar system. We also present idiosyncratic characteristics acquired by linguistic resources in a specialised communicative situation, and we propose a renewed theory of terminological units in the framework of different specialities. ItemVariació i estàndard(1998) Babiloni, GabrielThe nature of linguistic variation is governed by the character and the scope of the networks of interaction, and the frequencies and intensity of communications inside those networks. Standardization, in a complete sense, represents a substantial modification of the conditions of interaction: basically, it expands, structures and consolidates the communicative network. The spread of the standard variety thus acts on the initial conditions, modifying them significantly. As a referential model, the standard reduces geographical variation, imposing specific limitations on the maintenance of forms which are restricted geographically and which have attained social prestige. Standardization also shapes social variation; it establishes or increases the pre-existing correlations between social status and linguistic variants, on occasion inside the framework of another standard. Finally, by expanding the number of contexts of use of the language, standardization acts as a factor of functional and stylistic diversification. ItemVariació lèxica: de la idiosincràsia al tractament sistemàtic de la diversitat(1998) Lorente Casafont, MercèSeveral attempts to describe and explain lexical regularities and irregulaties have been made in morphology and semantics. Dialectology and historical grammar have studied phenomena of lexical alternation and change. Yet, applied linguistics has not shown the intrinsic variation of lexic even though there have been, and are, many pedagogical, computer, and lexicographic reasons to describe this complexity. Studies focusing on this issue of variation are relatively recent. There is no grammatical model to thoroughly explain communicative competence available at this point in time. And the incorporation of lexical variation in some theoretical models is still very limited. This paper aims at considering the notion of internal variation as an integral part of the models on the lexical component of grammar. And it also aims at systematically relating the several aspects of lexic with the notion of internal variation. ItemLa geollingüística catalana, ahir i avui(1998) Veny i Clar, JoanAfter surveying a number of books on geolinguistics which have completely or partially focused on the Catalan language from the seventies, this paper points out the importance of continental atlases and linguistic research groups to the development of linguistic cartography. They have done so by means of tables of summaries and comments about dialectal data classified and presented in maps with structural, onomàstic and motivational criteria. The second part of this paper updates geolinguistic work done on the Catalan language in the last decades from a renewed geographical, thematic and social dimension. ItemLa variació sintàctica : uniformitat en la diversitat(1998) Rigau i Oliver, GemmaThe study of the syntactic variation of the dialects of a language is a good instrument to understand the general properties of language and the syntactic principles that govern the limits of variation in sentence structure. This paper deals with two topics of Catalan sintax, which are given different solutions by the speakers depending on the dialects. One of them is at the interface between syntax and morphology; the other, at the interface between syntax and semantics. The both are related to agreement: morphological features agreement and lexical features agreement. Specifically, we will analise number agreement in deontic sentences with the verb caldre from dialects where this verb is still alive, and we will also comment on the behavior of polariry elements in Rossellonese and North Valencian. ItemVariació morfofonològica :: variants morfològiques(1998) Lloret, Maria-Rosa; Viaplana, JoaquimThis paper presents phonetic-phonological variation in articulatory and perceptual terms, both at segmental and suprasegmental levels. It also presents the determining factors of linguistic diversity and change, that is, the factors responsible for the external, geographical (intra-dialectal and inter-dialectal), chronolectal, social and functional variation of a language. Several examples of a few relevant phenomena of the Northwestern phonetics in Lleida are included, especially the phenomenon of vocalism as seen from the relation between internal and external variation of a language. ItemVariació foneticofonològica: una aproximació a la diversitat del vocalisme en lleidatà(1998) Julià i Muné, JoanThis paper presents phonetic-phonological variation in articulatory and perceptual terms, both at segmental and suprasegmental levels. It also presents the determining factors of linguistic diversity and change, that is, the factors responsible for the external, geographical (intra-dialectal and inter-dialectal), chronolectal, social and functional variation of a language. Several examples of a few relevant phenomena of the Northwestern phonetics in Lleida are included, especially the phenomenon of vocalism as seen from the relation between internal and external variation of a language.