Quaderns de Filosofia i Ciència. 2011. No. 41

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    La doble dimensión de la sociedad abierta y el papel de la discusión crítica
    (2011) Muñoz Ferriol, Amparo
    This article characterizes the Open Society model compared to the Closed Society model. It highlights the role of critical discussion in the two dimensions of the Open Society: the technological dimensionand the ethical dimension. Finally, it describes the relationship between Open Society and critical discussion
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    La sociedad civil desde la perspectiva metaestructural
    (2011) Méndez-Vigo Hernández, Javier
    The draft of this work lies in raising the definition of civil society from the perspective of the thinker Jacques Bidet. At first highlights the theme of modernity and thus of the existence of a metastructure that resides in a contractual relationship for both sides. At the same type of two types of rationality that run along modernity to give a picture metastructural. Civil society, therefore, from the perspective requires metastructural centricity, the interindividual and associativity. Finally, civil society from this perspective involves a dialectic of conflict that involves a dialectical relationship between the contractual terms of the speech alone can lead to a dialogue of all which is a kind of overdetermination of one term
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    La crítica de Josep Lluís Blasco a la filosofia contemporània
    (2011) Mateu, Noèlia
    In this article we are attending to Josep Lluís Blasco's surveys, especially to his contemporary philosophy's criticism. We're talking about Marxism, logical empiricism, Wittgenstein's philosophy and Quine's ontology. We're pondering by means of Blasco's main articles about his more important philosophic interests, those that he bothers to revise, and about his conception with regard to relevant functions to the theory of knowledge
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    Ciudadanía sin límites: el trasfondo de la gobernanza global
    (2011) Ferrete Sarria, Carmen
    Current political theory agrees that world governance is necessary to respond to the challenge of global threats, and to the State's increasing incapacity to solve these problems and to create conditions for a new, fairer world order. In this scenario, the main actors would be new or transformed transnational institutions of a political, economic or social kind, amongst others. In this undercurrent, we encounter the citizen figure, specifically the cosmopolitan citizen. The article analyses some questions raised in this new scenario: what kind of citizen requires global governance, where to find guidance for this new process, and how to educate so that the final representation is not merely global governance, but good governance
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    Dimensiones de la igualdad en el pensamiento de A. de Tocqueville
    (2011) Ros Cherta, Juan Manuel
    In this article the main dimensions of the equality concept and their relationship with that of the democracy in Tocqueville's political thought are going to be analyzed. These dimensions are: the democracy generator fact, ideological imaginary and passion for equality. We take as a textual basis his work Democracy in America
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    El concepto de transfinitud en García Bacca
    (2011) Vizcaíno Rebertos, Héctor; Ferrer García, Alberto
    This paper presents the notion of transfinite developed by García Bacca in his «Infinito, transfinito, finito». This concept is a reaction to the Aristotelian concepts of «nature» and «finite», making man a historical being. García Bacca argues that man has lost his nature and his finitude through technology. So, strictly speaking, is not finite, nor infinite
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    (Una) meditació nishidiana
    (2011) Pujadas, Lluís
    According to Nishida, the logic of subject neither allows a proper treatment of the problem of completeness nor eliminates the Cartesian anxiety. He proposes therefore its replacement by the logic of predicate, here understood as a place (basho) which, in the end, turns out to be nothingness. After considering the difficulty of translating Japanese to European languages and its ability to allow a nonsubstantive treatment of mind, a consideration is offered of the solution of those problems by the new logic. This logic would make feasible the expression of a rational mysticism in line with the middle way school and zen, which is compatible with a naturalist solution of the same problems. The new point of view would have the practical advantage of accommodating the aspiration to an ecologist overcoming of modernity
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    La forma de los entes matemáticos en The Principles of Mathematics de Bertrand Russell.
    (2011) Sauri Mercader, Francisco
    The critic against subject-predicate propositions is a Russell's feature. See for example A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz. However, in The Principles of Mathematics Russell goes back to the subject-predicate form but in the context of his contribuition to the development of Modern Logic and his philosophy of mathematics
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    Identidad, diferencia y alteridad en la reflexión ética contemporánea
    (2011) Colonnello, Pio
    Investigating the paths of ethics 'ethics of politics, ethics of philosophy', contemporary thought has been inquiring for a long into several tasks and aims, concerning the same practice of philosophy. Very lucidly, Emmanuel Levinas started from the criticism on philosophy as power ideology. In the background of the being qua totality, a plurality of existents competes among themselves to impose one's right to be. Philosophy is the awareness of the fact that the unwinding of being is determined by conflict, which is its impulse. Nevertheless, as a critical practice, philosophy consists in the capacity for unmasking the terrible evidence of the all-determining conflict. Philosophy is the defence tool enabling us not to be victims of illusion. Just because of that, contemporary ethics invites us to reconsider, with ever greater critical care, the connection me-you. After a careful analysis of the considerations on this subject by some thinkers in our time 'from Heidegger to Sartre, from Jaspers to Levinas, from Guardini to Piovani and Fornet Betancourt' this essay detect the possibility of a way out from the aporias, inevitably involving the connection to otherness 'with the resulting impossibility to usurp the exteriority of one another, who is kept safe by an insurmountable transcendency' in a new idea of Hybridisation (Mestizaje). It has not to do with ethnic or racial Hybridisation; the Hybridisation we refer to is anything but the idea about the existence of a social, cultural, linguistic, ethnic starting condition, neither of an homogeneous set generating a heterogeneous phenomenon by the meeting with another set. Instead, it could be considered as a 'virtue', that is, «sharing an existence without essence», a condition that allow us for escaping from the twofold trap of bringing the other into the boundaries of the supremacy of the same, or of falling into mere crossbreeding forms
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    Liberación e interculturalidad. La refundamentación del sujeto como inter-sujeto
    (2011) Santasilia, Stefano
    Philosophy of Liberation raises the fundamental question for the possible realization of genuinely ethical praxis, of a liberated and authentic life. In fact, this conditio sine qua non implies that the category of 'liberation' does not belong only to the contingent dimension expressed by the sociopolitical situation in which being Latin-American people, or of the Third World, but point to the very constitution of subjectivity as intersubjectivity and, therefore, liberated and liberating. Then the 'liberation' modifies the conditions generated by each culture and the subject becomes able to recognize itself as based on relationships with others. Thus, subjectivity reveals its fundamental form as intersubjectivity and/or 'border' subjectivity
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    Filosofia i Universitat. L'ensenyament de la Filosofia des de l'educació infantil fins la UniversitatFilosofia i Universitat. L'ensenyament de la Filosofia des de l'educació infantil fins la Universitat
    (2011) Llinàs, Joan
    this paper presents a reflection on Philosophy and University. Philosophy is an activity than harder could be classified as solely academical. Furthermore, we can distinguish three elements always present in Philosophical teaching such as a cluster of own content, well-thinking procedures and, finally, a way of being in world. They three are linked and the problems between Philosophy and University probably arise from the conjunction of all three. However is difficult to find a solution I speculate about different ways of reducing tension between Philosophy and University
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    L'Assaig sobre l'origen del llenguatge de J.G. Herder
    (2011) Llop i Forcada, Guillem
    This article analyzes Herder's conception of language through the Essay on the origin of language. Human beings have developed at the same time awareness and language in order to fill the gap that the loss of natural instinct leaves. To explain this process Herder defends a kind of naturalistic position against both arbitrary and divine origin of language. One of his main points is the influence of signals in symbols. On one hand, thanks to signals we can grasp and keep what is at the heart of the experience. On the other hand, human nature is a mixture of sense and reason so that signals have a close relation with symbols which are, in spite of that, freely chosen. From this peculiar choice derives the idiosyncrasy of every language. Through this process each culture has built up its language in a particular way of thinking their reality, arranging the meaning of words to guide the speakers.
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    Nietzsche en La muntanya màgica de Th. Mann
    (2011) Llinares Chover, Joan B.
    The aim of this paper is to present Thomas Mann"s interpretation of Nietzsche"s works and to reconstruct the image that Mann gives of the philosopher in the essays he dedicated to him. It will also give fundamental indications on Nietzsche"s presence in"Der Zauberberg", concerning the concept of time, the affirmative Dionysism, the anthropological thesis of the human being as a"sick animal," as well as the complex exercises of a tragical wisdom, captivated by irony, music and paradoxes.