Quaderns de Filosofia i Ciència. 2003. No. 32-33

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    Joan Fuster o la llum de Sírius: notes per a la genealogía d'un desencant.
    (2003) Gil Muñoz, Enric
    The aim of this article is to explain the main ethical and political ideas of Joan Fuster. This writer from Sueca starts from a metaphysical scepticism that leads him to postulate an ethical hedonism and a political liberalism.
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    Las reflexiones de Mill sobre la relación del hombre con la naturaleza
    (2003) López Sastre, Gerardo
    Can the way Nature acts be a model to imitate? Isn¿t it a praise to say that something is natural? The problem is that if we understand Nature as the whole or totality of everything that happens, it is pure nonsense to recommend following the precepts of Nature, as it is something we cannot avoid doing. On the contrary, if we understand as natural everything that happens without the voluntary participation of men, we are not making the advice to follow Nature more convincing, because most human actions have as their end to correct the suffering and diseases that the ways of Nature create. But if it is true that Mill presents these ideas in his essay Nature, we cannot forget that in other works he insists on the formative value for one¿s character of the contemplation of natural beauties; and this last thesis has important political consequences we are going to bring out.
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    La filosofía y sus lógicas
    (2003) Pérez Herranz, Fernando Miguel
    It is common use at the end of the century to make retrospectives in all domains: politics, sciences, military, arts... This has also been made in philosophy, and it tries to explain the world from fightings between one another, lists of great men names, the death of the field itself, rhapsodies of schools and philosophers, conceptual exhibitions of external problems (biographic, politic or colonial ones) and so on. In this paper, it is intended to give a criterium internal to the philosophy itself, in order to classify the philosophical thought all along the 20th century. This criterium has to be built as a philosophical idea in which are situated the methods, the ontologies and the ethics. It is here proposed that that Idea is the Boolean- Fregean Logic that renews the Aristotelian one and that leads to a great expectance but also to great refusals of its capacity to reorganise the problematics and argumentations of the philosophical tradition (problem of the universals, categories theory...).
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    Raons essencials i creença
    (2003) Grimaltos, Tobies
    In this paper I defend that what I call modes of denotation are part of one¿s belief content, even if they are not part of the proposition expressed by the sentence one believes to be true. Two people, who believe of the same sentence (not ambiguous) that it is true can have different belief contents that they express by means of this same sentence.
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    De la utopía del conocimiento: Kant, Adorno y el destino trágico de la filosofíia
    (2003) Arenas, Luis
    Adorno admitted in different occasions that he had been a regular reader of Kant. In this article I set out to show the sign that that reading of Kant has left in some central points of Adorno¿s philosophy (in spite of the severe reserves that the program of a ¿negative dialectic¿ maintains with respect to Kant). In particular, I will try to show how the role that the concept-limit of thing-in-itself carried out in the transcendental idealism is occupied in Adorno¿s ¿negative dialectic¿ by the invitation to persecute a philosophy of the non-identity.
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    Metaforología e historicidad: Sobre algunos problemas y perspectivas de investigación.
    (2003) Nuzzo, Enrico
    The essay, firstly, points out the complexity of the levels on which the theme about historical characters of the uses of metaphors can be investigated, in the philosophical language. Then it claims that, specially as concerns this theme, ¿metaphorology¿ is more similar to the so-called ¿methodological hermeneutics¿ than to the ¿ontological¿ ones. In fact the important presence of ontological elements in the thought of Blumenberg (in any case the metaphorological studies have not to be reduced to it) does not compromise the essential methodological character of his research program.
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    Creer en Darwin: sobre las relaciones entre marco científico e interpretación filosófica.
    (2003) Faerna García-Bermejo, Angel Manuel
    John Dewey¿s Experience and Nature (1925) is an attempt to draw the metaphysical consequences of modern developments in the natural sciences, particularly Darwinism. Recently, Richard Rorty has criticized Dewey¿s metaphysical stance, which he proposes to replace by a more straightforward compromise with historicism. This paper argues that Rorty misreads the meaning of historicism, and fails to make sense of the naturalistic attitude expressed in Dewey¿s metaphysics.
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    Las reglas del diálogo y los movimientos de la polémica
    (2003) Cattani, Adelino
    We have to distinguish many types of debates, ranging from constructive dialogue to fighting polemic, two extreme types of exchanges marked by opposite traits: co-operative pattern vs. competitive pattern. Each of them have their typical argumentative schemes, rules or moves, and standard of evaluation. The values that come into play and into conflict are epistemic-conceptual values, dialectical-rhetorical values and ethical-interactional values. All of them may perhaps be unified under the general opposition ¿to be right¿ and ¿to succeed in persuading someone¿. It seems that a controversial attitude in debate, aiming to succeed in persuading by using polemical moves, is not only a classical rhetorical protocol, but also a good paradigm for philosophy and a good pedagogical practiceArgument, debate, dialogue, polemic, co-operation, conflict, vir bonus dicendi peritus. ¿Cuando obtenéis la victoria por méritos de vuestro argumento, es