Gaceta internacional de ciencias forenses. 2017. No. 24

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    El copiloto suicida : problemas médico legales detectados en el accidente aéreo de Germanwings
    (2017) Beltrán Gómez, Angela
    The plane crash of Germanwings, which happened in France in 2015, was an event of great mediatic repercussion, with a total of one hundred fifty mortal victims. People implied in the case were Andreas Lubitz -copilot-, the academy of formation of Lufthansa -a German airline company- and the sanitary professionals who took care of the copilot. It happened to be a suicide act which was premeditated. The protagonist was off work at the time when the accident occured. We question the rigidity of the medical examination which determines the aptitude to pilot, as well as its control by the aviation academy and by the airway company. We determined whether Lubitz was capable, at a psychic level, of delivering the doctor?s note to his company. This elucidation raises a civil responsibility over him. The action by the sanitarians is put in doubt since the professional secrect is not an absolute duty. There was no communication from the doctor to the competent authorities about the medical condition of his patient. However, this only could be blamed if the doctor considered Lubitz as a risk himself. The German public prosecutor?s office considered Andreas Lubitz to be the only one responsable of the catastrophe
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    Reminiscencias lofoscópicas, con especial alusión al correcto uso del lenguaje técnico
    (2017) Antón Barberá, Francisco
    This article reflects on the correct name given to the locutions used in the lofoscopic expert reports. In addition, the controversy over whether or not the fingerprint test is an expert report, its scientific and jurisprudential recognition, the methods of differentiation between them for the identification and the type of evidence they suppose are reviewed.
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    Las células epiteliales : evidencia importante en casos forenses
    (2017) Pérez Vergara, Denisse
    Epithelial cells are biological traces that, despite not be visible to the naked eye, are increasingly important in forensic cases. This becomes more important when others evidences were not found at the site of the event, such as optimal fingerprints for comparison, allowing a faster identification of those involved in a crime and which mean a lower cost of analysis. Similarly, the absence of biological fluids that involve a finding of higher concentrations of genetic material, allowing the performance of DNA analysis for comparison with genetic profiles of suspects. The present work is dedicated to the knowledge of epithelial cells as biological evidence useful to be raised at the crime scene and shows the different findings of researchers in relation to their collection from various surfaces, in which these are deposited. In addition, some techniques for obtaining them will be cited and studies will be mentioned that have evaluated conditions to have them present at the moment of their lifting, since a loss of concentration or poor collection of these cells from the scene of the crime, could mean not obtaining an amount enough of genetic material to be amplified and thus not be possible to compare with an indubitable sample of the victim or offender.
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    Segunda opinión en el ciberespacio
    (2017) Castelló Ponce, Ana
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    El suicidio asistido en Suiza
    (2017) Verdú Pascual, Fernando Alejo