Revista Boliviana de Derecho. 2018. Núm. 25

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    Emigracióny retorno: de la incapacidad para suceder ex artículo 470 del Código Civil a la “restitución” de la capacidad sucesoria, incluso en fase de adjudicación. Comentario a la Sentencia No. 140 de 8 de marzo de 2017 de la Sala de lo Civil y de lo Administrativo del Tribunal Supremo de Cuba
    (2018) Pérez Gallardo, Leonardo B.
    La incapacidad para suceder ex artículo 470 del Código Civil cubano no se aplica si en fase de adjudicación hereditaria, el emigrante ha retornado al país, reasentándose en este. De modo que se “rehabilita” para suceder. De tal manera, el tratamiento de esta causal de incapacidad, rectius, de exclusión para suceder, tiene una naturaleza especial, al no hacerse coincidir necesariamente la capacidad para suceder, en estos extremos, con el momento del deceso de quien deviene causante.
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    Algunos desafíos procesales de la jurisdicción especial de paz
    (2018) Ballén Jaime, Carlos Felipe
    This investigation analyzes the most important aspects about the procedure of the especial Peace Jurisdiction; it identifies some of the most important problems that have been evidenced in the practice and their solutions, taking in to account the objectives, characteristics and legal nature of the Peace Jurisdiction
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    La libertad de expresión de los diplomáticos: comentario de la STEDH 17 de noviembre de 2016. Caso Karpetyany otros c. Armenia
    (2018) Climent Gallart, Jorge Antonio
    El TEDH analiza, por primera vez, a través de esta sentencia, la libertad de expresión de los diplomáticos. Su importancia radica en que ampara la restricción de dicha libertad con el fin de garantizar el deber de neutralidad política del Estado.
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    Por el derecho de enfiteusis: Defensa de una útil desmembración de la propiedad
    (2018) Oñate, Tatiana; García, Luisa Fernanda; Ternera Barrios, Francisco
    En este breve ensayo nos ocuparemos, primero, de la desmembración de la propiedad denominada usufructo. Segundo, queremos concentrarnos en el estudio del derecho de enfiteusis. Nos proponemos presentar una institución especial del derecho privado, que tiene referentes en el mundo y que podría ofrecernos diversas bondades en la regulación de intercambios económicos en el ámbito rural colombiano.
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    La dignidad humana y el libre desarrollo de la personalidad en el derecho de familia en México: Principales criterios Jurisprudenciales
    (2018) Pérez Fuentes, Gisela María
    The protection of the person through the different subjects that integrate it into the family, acquires different connotations according to the socio-political and economic characteristics of the country. This allows us to present a reality about Family Law that is removed from Roman law in some fundamental institutions and with the perspective of the protection of human rights and its constitutionalisation in the Mexican legal system. This work has been carried out to highlight the paradigmatic change of certain family institutions, some of which have changed in the context of private international law, others that are characteristic of Mexican historical and cultural characteristics and the development of family law as an autonomous discipline of Civil Law by the presence of public order in the development of the family, where the best interests of the child and the protection of the weakest subject matter, this article highlights several figures who have played a fundamental role in the new conception of the right of family as the concubinage and the family patrimony.
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    Interés público informativo y minusvaloración del derecho a la imagen de un político en ´Chile
    (2018) Aillapán, Jorge
    In the Chilean law, the thesis prevails that the “public figures” have a significantly diminished right to one’s own image than others, more so if a “public interest” is involved in the dissemination of news, information or portraits. Based on the case that affected a candidate for the presidency of the Republic of Chile, our conclusion is that the outdated understanding of creating portraits prevents a proper solution to typical phenomena of the digital and information age, since all the legal issues involved end up reduced only to balancing test between the fundamental right to privacy versus the contribution to a debate of “general interest”.
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    Las alternativas políticas en torno al reconocimiento de la diversidad lingüística propia y los derechos lingüísticos, y sus consecuencias en la interpretación o reforma de la Constitución española
    (2018) Tasa Fuster, Vicenta
    Spain is a country with twelve autochthonous languages. The modern Spanish nation-state, born with the bourgeois revolutions of the nineteenth century, officially denied this diversity and imposed Castilian as the only official language of the whole country. The current Spanish Constitution is an attempt to recognize Spanish linguistic diversity and establish a system of linguistic rights for speakers of Spanish languages other than Castilian. However, the system is hierarchical, unequal and complex, and is subject to criticism and political questioning from different positions.
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    Reajustes en el sistema de seguridad social español para su sostenibilidad
    (2018) Pérez Alonso, María Antonia
    Nowadays, the forecasts of life expectancy place concerning 100 years. This information on the life expectancy originates an important economic imbalance between income and expenses in the Spanish system of National Health Service. Precisely, the application of factors of sustainability tries to stop the expense in pensions.
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    El phishing como delito de estafa informática. Comentario a la SAP de Valencia 37/2017 de 25 de enero (rec. 1402/2016)
    (2018) García García, Diego Eloy
    El “phishing” se revela como una modalidad de estafa informática cuyo objeto principal es obtener del usuario, entre otros, datos, claves o números de cuentas bancarias con la finalidad de obtener un beneficio económico ilícito utilizando para ello de forma fraudulenta y mediando engaño datos personales del usuario. Dicha modalidad delictiva ha ido evolucionando con el paso del tiempo adoptando diferentes perfiles, proliferando actualmente el denominado phishing bancario, el cual tiene como objetivo los clientes de Banco y servicios de pago en línea. La SAP de Valencia se hace eco de los últimos pronunciamientos jurisprudenciales para profundizar en los conceptos de “phishing”, “mulero” y posible responsabilidad del mismo en la comisión del citado delito informático.
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    ¿Cuenta el ordenamiento jurídico cubano con herramientas suficientes para tutelar el derecho de disposición sobre el cadáver?
    (2018) Enríquez Sordo, Jorge
    With these lines we seek to reflect about the poor protection of the right to dispose of the corpse in the substantive and procedural civil law in Cuba. It starts analyzing the successes and failures of regulation of this right in the mentioned areas, and the need of our law to understand it essence, in order to avoid future litigation and that the right under study can be performed in a more fully way, as long as the legislation is modified. In addition, the last sentence issued by the Supreme Court of Cuba on the subject is critically analyzed, and it is a question of illustrating how this insufficient protection is manifested before a specific facet of this right.
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    La pérdida del carácter “familiar” de la vivienda en la que se había desarrollado la convivencia conyugal. Comentario a la STS núm. 524/2017, de 27 de septiembre
    (2018) Chaparro Matamoros, Pedro
    The attribution of the use of the family home made by the spouses to one of them in a regulatory agreement implies the loss of the “family” status of the home, which prevents it from being subsequently attributed to the custodial spouse under art. 96.I CC. In this case, the contribution to the satisfaction of the housing need by the user spouse must be carried out through the alimony.
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    La participación del menor en la audiencia de exploración
    (2018) Clavijo Suntura, Joel Harry
    The paper is aimed at giving an analysis of the child´s participation in the hearing in the Spanish legal system. After a brief general introduction to the subject follows an account on when to hear to the child and how to conduct the hearing, also in the sense of who is to take part in the hearing and of the form of recording the hearing, It is also laid out who should determine the necessity of the hearing and decide on the direct participation of the child, as well as the role of experts The study concludes emphasizing that although the child has the right to be heard there is no fixed rule that indicates how this process should be carried out.
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    La prueba electrónica en el proceso penal y el valor probatorio de conversaciones mantenidas utilizando programas de mensajería instantánea
    (2018) Borges Blázquez, Raquel
    With the lowering of the costs of access to technology its use has been extended to all areas of life, including the commission of crimes making use of technological means. The challenge of 21st century criminal procedure is to prosecute and punish those criminal computer behaviors using the means of proof admitted by law
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    La jurisprudencia del TEDH sobre la libertad de expresión de los jueces
    (2018) Climent Gallart, Jorge Antonio
    Throughout the present paper we analyze the case-law of the ECHR on the freedom of expression of judges. We refer specially to the restrictions on it, in particular, to those that derive from the duty of impartiality to which the magistrates are subject.
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    Aspectos críticos sobre recientes reformas del despido en el ordenamiento español y la posible conveniencia de un fondo de capitalización
    (2018) Lalaguna Holzwarth, Enrique
    The paper analyses firstly the various implications of the underselling and facilitation of dismissals in the Spanish Law and its consequences due to labor reforms and financial crisis. In this regard, there follows, firstly, various matters affecting collective redundancies such as the judicial review on the employer dismissal decision, the labor conflicts due to formal obligations from the Council Directive 98/59/EC and the necessary reorganization of this kind of dismissals for their adjustment to the Court of Justice of the European Union rulings related with the calculation of these dismissals. Secondly, the paper analyses issues regarding disciplinary dismissals such as the improper use of this type of dismissals to conceal redundancy for economic reasons or others as limitation of the procedural salaries. Finally, the potential suitability of legislative proposal based on a labor capitalization fund as alternative to current severance pay system is analyzed.
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    La jurisdicción especial indígena en el sistema jurídico colombiano
    (2018) Gómez Velásquez, Alejandro
    El presente artículo abordar la jurisdicción especial indígena prevista en la Constitución Política Colombiana de 1991. Para ello, se sostiene que dicha institución debe contextualizarse en la propuesta normativa del multiculturalismo contemporáneo, que responde a un devenir histórico particular y que ha sido desarrollada, en ausencia del legislador colombiano por el juez constitucional hasta delimitar los elementos que actualmente componen el “fuero indígena”.
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    El medio ambiente sano: la consolidación de un derecho
    (2018) Luis García, Elena de
    The aim of this paper is to give an overall view of the substantive right to a healthy environment, its origin and evolution, a process that has been developing since the seventies. For this purpose, the international legal tools that created this right will be examined, as well as the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights in environmental issues.
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    Una lectura restaurativa acerca de los “códigos éticos” de la policía: mucho más que mediación policial
    (2018) Castillejo Manzanares, Raquel; Alonso Salgado, Cristina
    In recent times, police mediation is gaining prominence in the doctrinal debate on the necessary modernization of the justice system. The so-called “ethical codes” represent a possibility of interest to channel the transformative potential of restorative justice and, specifically, to enable police mediation. In the present work it is to analyze the international legal acquis on ethical codes, and their influence on the Spanish regulation
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    Regímenes de amparo y cobertura de los desastres naturales en el derecho español
    (2018) Ruíz-Tagle Vial, Carlos; Colman Vega, Luis
    El presente artículo tiene por objeto exponer la forma en que el Derecho español trata los desastres naturales. Dicho tratamiento nos llevará a examinar las principales fuentes de las que emana y particularmente la legislación que la recoge, la doctrina y los antecedentes jurisprudenciales que le sirven de sustento. Posteriormente nos detendremos en la manera en que el contrato de seguro enfoca este problema.
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    Principio de proporcionalidad y garantías hipotecarias
    (2018) Giova, Stefania
    The research analyses the role of the principle of proportionality in the regulation of mortgage security, in addition also suggesting practical solutions for the clarification of the more general problem of the relationship between debt and securities. The Author explains the axiological basis of the principle that manifest in the necessity of balancing the interest of the debtor to not incur a sacrifice “beyond that which is strictly necessary” and, on the other hand, that of the creditor to possess adequate guarantees. The principle, before assuming a constitutional status, orientated legislators in 1942 to define the civil code rules as regards the registration and reduction of mortgages wherever a balance is contemplated both in the phase of the setting up of securities, with limitations regarding their reduction, as well as in the executive phase with arrangements relative to «improper reductions». Its value as a general principle makes it applicable not only as a hermeneutical instrument but also as regards its perceptive capacity, such as the maximization of its underlying values, making possible remedies for the reduction of equity in cases of the voluntary concession of securities.