Procesos de subjetivación y movimiento feminista. Una aproximación política al análisis psicosocial de la identidad contemporánea.

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2002
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2002-09-17
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Abstract
This paper aims to approach subjectivity from a historic and political viewpoint as opposed to the conception of ahistorical, autonomous, and independent identity prevailing in the disciplinary field of the paper, namely Social Psychology. To that end, a transdisciplinary approach has been observed and so research by Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu has been considered, as both authors have radically fought the idea of naturalised and depoliticised identity. Both theoretical and methodological tools have been drawn from their work, allowing us to dismantle the individual/society dichotomy. On the one hand, the acknowledgement of identity as the object of social subjection, social regulation, and submission prompted us to examine the constraints, possibilities, and contradictions of political action, hence our shift towards the social movement field. More specifically, a part of the feminist movement was taken as a reference: the womens movement grouped around the 1980s Italian sexual difference thought. We believe that social movements make up an excellent watch platform for the analysis of peoples capacity for action and the study of the political conformation of identity from the resistance viewpoint. On the other, the problematisation carried out in the paper regarding the construction of today's subjectivity caused us to redefine psychosocial knowledge itself. We shall not forget that the very boundaries of Social Psychology depend on the subject concept defended. In this regard, the political-epistemic discussion developed in the paper has allowed us to query the conception of Social Psychology as a positive science and to redefine psychosocial knowledge from a post-structuralist perspective taking on the political and ethical dimension of social sciences.
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