Ecological signature of the end-Triassic biotic crisis: what do bivalves have to say?

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2012
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Abstract
In order to understand the causes underlying the Triassic-Jurassic (T/J) mass extinction, we tested different bivalve features for extinction selectivity, i.e. shell mineralogy, age at the Rhaetian and three main autoecologic traits (feeding mechanism, tiering and motility/attachment). Also, diversity and turnover rates throughout the Triassic and the Early Jurassic were analysed in detail. The dataset employed for this analysis was a precise database at genus level including data from Induan to Sinemurian times. Results point to a true mass extinction for bivalves around the T/J boundary. This extinction was not ageselective at the boundary. Certain analyses suggested that shell mineralogy was a character significantly increasing survival odds, but this relationship seems to reflect selectivity on autoecologic traits. There was no difference in extinction proportions between both feeding types (i.e. deposit feeders and filter feeders); among the other traits, deep burrowers, epifaunal-motile and endobyssate forms seem to have been favoured, while shallow burrowers (and probably reclined forms) were more heavily affected. This pattern suggests an environmental stress at the boundary with some particular issues affecting the different life modes. Models linking magmatism in the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province with the end- Triassic mass extinction are a plausible scenario for this kind of perturbation.
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Ros Franch, Sonia Echevarría, Javier 2011 Ecological signature of the end-Triassic biotic crisis: what do bivalves have to say? Historical Biology 24 5 489 503