Physicochemical parameters - hydration performance relationship of the new endodontic cement MTA Repair HP

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2019
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To characterize the chemical composition and textural parameters of the MTA Repair HP precursor powder and their influence to hydration performance. Un-hydrated precursor material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), laser diffraction (LD), N2 physisorption and field emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEG-SEM). Setting time was assessed according to ASTM specification C 266. Hydrated material was analysed by XRD, FT-IR, energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and FEG-SEM. Ca3SiO5 and Ca2SiO4, in addition to CaWO4 as radiopacifier are the main compositional phases. Other measured parameter indicates high specific surface area of 4.8 m2 g-1, high aluminium content of 1.7 wt.% and low initial and final setting times of 12 and 199 min, respectively. Singular microstructural features consisting of high aspect ratio nanoparticles are main constituents of un-hydrated precursor. Besides, FEM-SEM observation shows notably growth of hexagonal shaped plate-like morphologies homogeneously distributed along the sample during hydration process. The short setting time measured for HP Repair, is correlated with high surface area of precursor powder, high Al content and the absence of compositional sulphate phases.
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Jiménez Sánchez, María del Carmen ; Segura-Egea, Juan J. ; Díaz Cuenca, María Aránzazu. Physicochemical parameters - hydration performance relationship of the new endodontic cement MTA Repair HP. En: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 11 8 2019: 739-744