Las relaciones de amor a lo largo del ciclo vital: cambios generacionales

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Publication date
2009
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2009-03-10
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Abstract
The investigation which upholds this Doctoral Thesis comes from a conception of the Human Development which is typical of the Evolutional Psychology of the Vital Cycle, and it is based on three foundations: emotional bonds (as the beginning of scientific studies of love), love relationships (especially, the contributions from Robert J. Sternberg: the Triangular Theory of Love, and the conception of Love as a Story), and the autobiographical memory (that is to say, the capacity of storing and recovering information about ourselves which allows us to learn about our identity). With the aim of studying love relationships which people establish throughout their vital cycle (as well as the possible generational changes which are shown in them), we put forward a mixed methodology, combining two aspects: quantitative (scales and questionnaires already used by other researchers) and qualitative (half-structured interviews where individuals speak about their life and love stories). The participants of our investigation are people over 55 who are getting a permanent education in two different fields : la Nau Gran ( the university for old people organised by the University of Valencia) and the Senior Citizens classes (centres which are managed by Fevated, a partner entity of the Generalitat Valenciana). Our main conclusions point out the existence of significant differences referring to the number of told stories, the way of starting love relationships and the duration of relationships. Moreover, there are types of more and less chosen love stories, and those types of love stories are grouped together in constellations which represent compatible manners of understanding sentimental relationships. Finally, the components of love relationships (intimacy, passion and commitment) evolve throughout time in a different manner than the ones proposed by Sternberg in his original studies, and therefore we find support to the existence of the already mentioned generational changes. It is also interesting the fact of not having found evidences of differences in these issues depending on the sex.
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