Oral lesions in Sjögren?s syndrome : a systematic review

Sjögren?s syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease related to two common symptoms: dry mouth and eyes. Although, xerostomia and hyposialia have been frequently reported in these patients, not many studies have evaluated other oral manifestations. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate prevalence rates of oral lesions (OL) in SS patients and to compare it to a control group (CG), when available. An exhaustive search of the published literature of the Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library databases was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) for relevant studies that met our eligibility criteria (up to September 1st 2017). Seventeen cross-sectional studies and one cohort study were finally included. The results showed that SS patients presented more OL compared to non-SS patients. The most frequent types of OL registered in primary and secondary SS were angular cheilitis, atrophic glossitis, recurrent oral ulcerations and grooves or fissurations of the tongue, also when compared to a CG. OL are common and more frequent in SS patients when compared to a CG. This may be a consequence of low levels of saliva. More studies where these OL and all the possible cofounding factors are taken into account are needed.
Bibliographic reference
Serrano, Julia ; López-Pintor Muñoz, Rosa Mª ; González Serrano, José ; Fernández Castro, Mónica ; Casañas Gil, Elisabeth ; Hernández Vallejo, Gonzalo. Oral lesions in Sjögren?s syndrome : a systematic review. En: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa, 23 4 2018: 4-