The Be/X-ray binary LS 992/RX J0812.4-3114: Physical parameters and long-term variability

Abstract
We present the first long-term optical and infrared study of the optical counterpart to the source RX J0812.4-3114, an X-ray pulsar with a Be type companion. During the period covered by the observations the profile of some Balmer lines changed from absorption to emission and back again to absorption. Contemporaneously, the infrared magnitudes varied by more than 0.8 mag. This long-term variability is interpreted as the formation and subsequent dissipation of the Be star's disc. The building up of the disc ended up in an active X-ray state characterised by regular outbursts occurring at 80 day intervals. The overall duration of the formation/dissipation of the disc is found to be ~< 4.3 years. Optical spectroscopic and infrared photometric observations were used to re ne the spectral type of the primary (B0.2IV) and to monitor the circumstellar envelope around the Be star. UBVRI and uvbyβ photometric observations allowed the determination of the astrophysical parameters of the optical companion.
Description
Bibliographic reference
REIG TORRES, Pablo ; Negueruela, I. ; Buckley, D.A.H. ; Coe, M.J. ; Fabregat Llueca, Juan ; Haigh, N.J., 2001, The Be/X-ray binary LS 992/RX J0812.4-3114: Physical parameters and long-term variability, Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 367, no. 1, p. 266-272