Arte y ciudad: Alicante 1894-1936
The focus of this thesis is to study the Fine Arts development in Alicante between 1894 and 1936 and its relationship with the artistic modernization processes that occurred in Spain between the Bourbon Restoration and the Second Spanish Republic. To accomplish that, the dissertation is divided in two parts: The first one examines the evolution of the city and some of its quartiers. Many artists lived in Alicante, so it is essential to understand how hey contributed to its cultural atmosphere. Therefore, the information about the education and the ateliers of local artists has been studied. In addition, some sources about the artists' careers have been rescued to understand the significance of their figures for the city development. Because of their fame, the rest of the citizens expressed their opinions about the painters, the sculptors or the architects. This subject has been reviewed through the newspapers on which many journalists wrote about the local cultural atmosphere. The opinions about the Fine Arts in the city usually came up because of the exhibitions that many institutions like the Ateneo or the Casino hosted, so these spaces have been also considered in this thesis. The second part studies the different artistic movements that came up in the city and the opinion of the public. More than three hundred artworks have been examined to determine which artistic trends contributed the most to define the city image. These sections integrate the analysis of paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs, architecture and other type of manifestations, which is one of the main objectives of this research and one newness in comparison with previous works. Thus, the seven sections of this part contain information about the modernization of the canons, the Orientalism, the Art Nouveau, the Regionalism, the relation between landscapes and literature, the Art Deco through the Fogueres de Sant Joan, and the Avant-garde. An epilogue about the end of the modern art because of the postwar repression is also offered to suggest new lines of research.