Effects of the functional orthopaedic therapy on masticatory muscles activity

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The purpose of this study was to examine surface electromyographic (sEMG) activity of masticatory muscles before and after functional orthopaedic therapy with Sander appliance. Ten adolescents (5 girls, 5 boys) with an Angle Class II, division I malocclusion, 9-13 years old, were submitted to sEMG before and after functional orthopaedic therapy. To verify the neuromuscular equilibrium, the standardized EMG activities of right and left masseter and anterior temporal muscles were recorded during maximum voluntary clench, and analysed calculating: POC (index of the symmetric distribution of the muscular activity determined by the occlusion); TC (index of presence of mandibular torque) and Ac (index suggesting the position of occlusal barycentre). The total muscular activity was also calculated. Pre- and post- functional therapy data were compared with Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test. Before treatment, all subjects had a good neuromuscular equilibrium, which was not altered by treatment. sEMG evaluations allow to quantify the impact of occlusion on masticatory muscle activity and to control that the functional orthopaedic therapy maintain a good muscular coordination.
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Di Palma, Elena ; Tepedino, Michele ; Chimenti, Claudio ; Tartaglia, Gianluca M. ; Sforza, Chiarella. Effects of the functional orthopaedic therapy on masticatory muscles activity. En: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 9 7 2017: 886-891