La legitimación del cooperativismo y de la economía social y solidaria en las políticas públicas de Iberoamérica. El fomento cooperativo desde el gobierno de la República de Colombia y la influencia de las Naciones Unidas y la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (Del 1913 a la actualidad)

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The Doctoral Research presents a supposed on the Social and Solidarity Economy (ESS), with special focus in cooperative enterprises: "promotional activities and promotion in developing economies designed by the State without plural participation tend to instrumentalize cooperative enterprises, to achieve goals economic development designed by the State". This assumption it has been raised following the opposite view: The formulation of public policies for the promotion of Social Economy and Solidarity has guaranteed its legitimacy. The doctoral thesis has analyzed the case of the Republic of Colombia by different elements: (i) a context defined by more than fifty years of internal conflict, (ii) the geopolitical situation as a representative of a Latin American and Caribbean country, where natural resources are important elements for macroeconomic balance of the country. Both elements in Colombia it is certain that public policies have never been consulted with the cooperative movement, although the State has always supported cooperative enterprises to have direct access to the community. The research analyzes the Republic of Argentina and the Federative Republic of Brazil to detailing the characteristics of Colombia in order to history, institutions and the role of research on the ESS. The purpose of the analysis of the two countries has been to identify their substantive differences, creating major elements of reflection and scientific reasoning. The structure of the research was to analyze: (i) the impact of national and international actors who recognize the legal forms of the ESS, and (ii) the evolution of the spaces of legitimacy and consensus among stakeholders to ensure consistency with the principles of autonomy and independence of cooperative enterprises, related to the right to freedom of association and business creation in contemporary democratic political regimes.
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