Benign fibro-osseous lesions of the maxillas : analysis of 11 cases

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Introduction: A study is made of the principal characteristics of the oral lesions biopsied in our Service of Oral Surgery and histologically diagnosed as corresponding to fibro-osseous lesions of the maxillas. Patients and methods: A retrospective review was made of all the biopsies made in a Service of Oral Surgery between 1996 and 2003. The reason for consultation was analyzed, along with patient age, sex, clinical and radiological characteristics, tentative diagnosis, histological diagnosis and treatment provided. Results: A total of 1238 biopsies were performed during the study period. Of these, only 11 corresponded to benign fibro-osseous lesions (7 women and 4 men). The mean patient age was 44 years (range 19-72 years). The most frequent location was the mandible (8 of the cases). In 7 patients the lesions constituted casual radiological findings; 4 presented bulging of the vestibular cortical bone, though only one of them reported pain. The histological diagnoses comprised 7 cemento-ossifying fibromas and 4 fibrous dysplasias. In 9 cases surgical resection was carried out, while in one case an incisional biopsy was performed, and in the remaining case curettage was decided. Discussion: These lesions are more frequent in women than in men, and the age at presentation is variable. In terms of lesion location, fibrous dysplasia is more common in the upper maxilla, while cemento-ossifying fibroma is more frequently found in the mandible. The diagnosis of such lesions is established upon contrasting the data obtained from the anamnesis, physical examination, the radiological characteristics, the intraoperative findings and the histological study, since both disorders have similar clinical and histological features ? despite the fact that they constitute distinct disease conditions.
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Vegas Bustamante, Erika ; Gargallo Albiol, Jordi ; Berini Aytés, Leonardo ; Gay Escoda, Cosme. Benign fibro-osseous lesions of the maxillas : analysis of 11 cases. En: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa, 13 10 2008: 9-