The REFLEX galaxy cluster survey VIII. Spectroscopic observations and optical atlas

Abstract
We present the final data from the spectroscopic survey of the ROSAT-ESO Flux-Limited X-ray (REFLEX) catalog of galaxy clusters. The REFLEX survey covers 4.24 steradians (34% of the entire sky) below a declination of δ = +2.50 and at high Galactic latitude (|b| > 20◦). The REFLEX catalog includes 447 entries with a median redshift of 0.08 and is better than 90% complete to a limiting flux fX = 3 × 10−12 erg s−1 cm−2 (0.1 to 2.4 keV), representing the largest statistically homogeneous sample of clusters drawn from the ROSAT All-Sky Survey (RASS) to date. Here we describe the details of the spectroscopic observations carried out at the ESO 1.5 m, 2.2 m, and 3.6 m telescopes, as well as the data reduction and redshift measurement techniques. The spectra typically cover the wavelength range 3600–7500 Å at a two-pixel resolution of ∼14 Å, and the measured redshifts have a total rms error of ∼100 km s−1 . In total we present 1406 new galaxy redshifts in 192 clusters, most of which previously did not have any redshift measured. Finally, the luminosity/redshift distributions of the cluster sample and a comparison to the no-evolution expectations from the cluster X-ray luminosity function are presented.
Description
Bibliographic reference
GUZZO, L., SCHUECKER, P., BÖHRINGER, H., COLLINS, C. A., ORTIZ-GIL, A., DE GRANDI, S., EDGE, A. C., NEUMANN, D. M., SCHINDLER, S., ALTUCCI, C. and SHAVER, P. A. (2009): The REFLEX galaxy cluster survey VIII. Spectroscopic observations and optical atlas, Astronomy and Astrophysics, núm. 499, vol. 2, pp. 357