Role of TET3 and 5hmC in the small intestinal epithelium homeostasis
NAGIOS: RODERIC FUNCIONANDO

Role of TET3 and 5hmC in the small intestinal epithelium homeostasis

DSpace Repository

Role of TET3 and 5hmC in the small intestinal epithelium homeostasis

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Tapia Seco, Natalia
dc.contributor.author Mulet Bolufer, Isabel
dc.contributor.other Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-26T08:56:55Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-27T04:45:05Z
dc.date.issued 2022 es_ES
dc.date.submitted 12-05-2022 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/82381
dc.description.abstract The Ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes oxidize the DNA base 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC). This DNA hydroxymethylation process generates a stable epigenetic mark, the 5hmC, that is able to regulate gene transcription. In fact, TET proteins and the 5hmC modification are relevant during embryonic development and cellular differentiation. Specifically, in the case of the small intestinal epithelium, the highest DNA hydroxymethylation levels are found at the villus, where 5hmC is preferentially deposited at genes that define mature enterocytes. However, the specific function of each of the TET enzymes in this tissue still needs to be investigated. In this context, the main aim of this doctoral dissertation is to study the role of TET3 in the small intestinal epithelium. To this end, a Tet3 knockout mouse model was generated. Analysis of TET3-deficient E18.5 embryos revealed that TET3 is the main TET responsible for establishing the DNA hydroxymethylation pattern of mouse enterocytes. In these cells, but not in other cells of the epithelium, TET3 is necessary for acquiring a mature gene expression signature. Indeed, TET3 absence results in the generation of transcriptionally aberrant enterocytes that show an abnormal induction of lipid and glucose metabolic genes and silencing of genes related to oxidative phosphorylation. As a consequence, these enterocytes have reduced mitochondrial complex I activity, which is also observed in other TET3-deficient energy-demanding tissues. Overall, the results obtained in this thesis suggest that TET3 might control a common transcriptional program in different tissues, which could have clinical implications both in patients with TET3 mutations and with complex I deficiencies. es_ES
dc.format.extent 140 p. es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.subject TET3 es_ES
dc.subject 5hmC es_ES
dc.title Role of TET3 and 5hmC in the small intestinal epithelium homeostasis es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis es_ES
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::CIENCIAS DE LA VIDA es_ES
dc.description.abstractenglish The Ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes oxidize the DNA base 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC). This DNA hydroxymethylation process generates a stable epigenetic mark, the 5hmC, that is able to regulate gene transcription. In fact, TET proteins and the 5hmC modification are relevant during embryonic development and cellular differentiation. Specifically, in the case of the small intestinal epithelium, the highest DNA hydroxymethylation levels are found at the villus, where 5hmC is preferentially deposited at genes that define mature enterocytes. However, the specific function of each of the TET enzymes in this tissue still needs to be investigated. In this context, the main aim of this doctoral dissertation is to study the role of TET3 in the small intestinal epithelium. To this end, a Tet3 knockout mouse model was generated. Analysis of TET3-deficient E18.5 embryos revealed that TET3 is the main TET responsible for establishing the DNA hydroxymethylation pattern of mouse enterocytes. In these cells, but not in other cells of the epithelium, TET3 is necessary for acquiring a mature gene expression signature. Indeed, TET3 absence results in the generation of transcriptionally aberrant enterocytes that show an abnormal induction of lipid and glucose metabolic genes and silencing of genes related to oxidative phosphorylation. As a consequence, these enterocytes have reduced mitochondrial complex I activity, which is also observed in other TET3-deficient energy-demanding tissues. Overall, the results obtained in this thesis suggest that TET3 might control a common transcriptional program in different tissues, which could have clinical implications both in patients with TET3 mutations and with complex I deficiencies. es_ES
dc.embargo.terms 0 days es_ES

View       (14.24Mb)

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace

Advanced Search

Browse

Statistics