Morphological and Postural changes in the foot during pregnancy and puerperium : a longitudinal study
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Morphological and Postural changes in the foot during pregnancy and puerperium : a longitudinal study

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Morphological and Postural changes in the foot during pregnancy and puerperium : a longitudinal study

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dc.contributor.author Alcahuz Griñán, Maria Montserrat
dc.contributor.author Nieto Gil, María Pilar
dc.contributor.author Pérez Soriano, Pedro
dc.contributor.author Gijón Noguerón, Gabriel
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-26T14:11:26Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-26T14:11:26Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/78391
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study is to observe the morphological and postural changes to the foot that take place during pregnancy and the puerperium. Method: In this descriptive, observational, longitudinal study, we analysed 23 pregnant women, with particular attention to morphological and postural aspects of the foot, at three time points during and after pregnancy: in weeks 9-13 of gestation, weeks 32-35 of gestation and weeks 4-6 after delivery. The parameters considered were changes in foot length, the Foot Posture Index (FPI) and the Hernández Corvo Index, which were analysed using a pedigraph and taking into account the Body Mass Index (BMI). The same procedure was conducted in each review. Results: The statistical analyses obtained for each foot did not differ significantly between the three measurement times. A pronator-type footprint was most frequently observed during the third trimester of pregnancy; it was predominantly neutral during the postpartum period. Statistically significant differences between the measurement times were obtained in the right foot for cavus vs. neutral foot type (between the first and third trimesters and also between the first trimester and the puerperium) (in both cases, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Foot length increases in the third trimester and returns to normal in the puerperium. According to FPI findings, the third trimester of pregnancy is characterised by pronation, while the posture returns to neutrality during the postpartum period. During pregnancy, the plantar arch flattens, and this persists during the puerperium. The incidence of cavus foot increases significantly in the third trimester and in the puerperium.
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health, 2021, vol. 18, num. 2423
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Alcahuz Griñán, Maria Montserrat Nieto Gil, María Pilar Pérez Soriano, Pedro Gijón Noguerón, Gabriel 2021 Morphological and Postural changes in the foot during pregnancy and puerperium : a longitudinal study International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health 18 2423
dc.subject Embaràs
dc.subject Extremitats
dc.title Morphological and Postural changes in the foot during pregnancy and puerperium : a longitudinal study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2021-03-26T14:11:26Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph
dc.identifier.idgrec 143615

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