The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown on athletes' subjective vitality: The protective role of resilience and autonomous goal motives
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The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown on athletes' subjective vitality: The protective role of resilience and autonomous goal motives

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The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown on athletes' subjective vitality: The protective role of resilience and autonomous goal motives

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dc.contributor.author Martínez González, Natalia
dc.contributor.author Atienza González, Francisco Luis
dc.contributor.author Tomás Marco, Inés
dc.contributor.author Duda, Joan L.
dc.contributor.author Balaguer Solá, Isabel
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-09T12:43:10Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-09T12:43:10Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/78214
dc.description.abstract The lockdown resulting from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a huge impact on peoples' health. In sport specifically, athletes have had to deal with frustration of their objectives and changes in their usual training routines. The challenging and disruptive situation could hold implications for their well-being. This study examined the effect of the COVID-19 lockdown on changes in athletes' reported eudaimonic well-being (subjective vitality) and goal motives (autonomous and controlled) over time (i.e., pre-lockdown and during lockdown). The relationship of resilience to changes in subjective vitality was also determined, and changes in athletes' goal motives were examined as potential mediators. Participants were 127 Spanish university athletes aged between 18 and 34 years (M = 21.14; SD = 2.77). Approximately 4 months before the start of the lockdown in Spain (T1), athletes responded to a questionnaire assessing their resilience, goal motives, and subjective vitality. Around 6 months later into the lockdown period (T2), athletes' goal motives and subjective vitality were assessed again. Growth modeling using hierarchical linear models revealed a significant decrease of autonomous goal motives and subjective vitality during the lockdown, but athletes did not show change over time in controlled goal motives. Path analysis, adjusting T2 measures for their corresponding T1 measures, showed that resilience significantly predicted changes in athletes' autonomous goal motives, which then accounted for changes in subjective vitality. The indirect effect was significant. Resilience did not predict changes in athletes' controlled goal motives. However, changes in controlled goal motives negatively predicted changes in subjective vitality during lockdown. The findings suggest negative impacts of the COVID-19 lockdown on athletes' goal motives and eudaimonic well-being. Results also support the hypothesized mediational role of autonomous goal motives in the relationship between resilience and subjective vitality during the lockdown. As such, findings confirm the relevance of resilience to a key feature of athletes' eudaimonic well-being and the importance of enhancing their autonomous goal striving.
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers In Psychology, 2021, vol. 11
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Martínez González, Natalia Atienza González, Francisco L. Tomás Marco, Inés Duda, Joan L. Balaguer Solá, Isabel 2021 The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown on athletes' subjective vitality: The protective role of resilience and autonomous goal motives Frontiers In Psychology 11
dc.subject Esportistes
dc.subject Motivació (Psicologia)
dc.subject Estat del benestar
dc.title The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown on athletes' subjective vitality: The protective role of resilience and autonomous goal motives
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2021-03-09T12:43:10Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.612825
dc.identifier.idgrec 143816

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