Psychosocial Factors and Chronic Illness as Predictors for Anxiety and Depression in Adolescence
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Psychosocial Factors and Chronic Illness as Predictors for Anxiety and Depression in Adolescence

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Psychosocial Factors and Chronic Illness as Predictors for Anxiety and Depression in Adolescence

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dc.contributor.author Lacomba Trejo, Laura
dc.contributor.author Valero Moreno, Selene
dc.contributor.author Montoya Castilla, Inmaculada
dc.contributor.author Pérez Marín, María Antonia
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-29T15:04:45Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-29T15:04:45Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/75685
dc.description.abstract Adolescence is a challenging time when emotional difficulties often arise. Self-esteem, good relationships with peers, and emotional competences can buffer the effects of these difficulties. The difficulties can be even greater when coupled with the presence of a chronic physical illness (CD). Our goal is to analyze psychosocial factors and CD as predictors for anxiety and depression. It was compared the results of structural equation models (SEM) with models based on qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to analyze the possible influence of these variables on levels of anxiety-depression in adolescents with and without CD. The sample consisted of 681 adolescents, between 12 and 16 years old (M = 13.94, SD = 1.32). 61.50% were girls and 13.40% (n = 222) presented a CD (mainly pneumo-allergic and endocrine). They were evaluated by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Self-esteem Questionnaire, the Emotional Competences Questionnaire and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. The results obtained by SEM show that low self-esteem, problems with peers and low emotional competencies predict anxiety in 41% of the variance and depression in 72%. The results obtained by QCA show that the different combinations of these variables explain between 24 and 61% of low levels of anxiety and depression and 47-55% of high levels. Our data show how the presence of a CD, low self-esteem, problems with peers and problems in emotional skills play a fundamental role in explaining levels of anxiety and depression. These aspects will help provide increased resources for emotional adjustment in the educational context, facilitating the transitions to be made by adolescents.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers In Physiology, 2020, vol. 11, p. 1-9
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Lacomba Trejo, Laura Valero Moreno, Selene Montoya Castilla, Inmaculada Pérez Marín, María Antonia 2020 Psychosocial Factors and Chronic Illness as Predictors for Anxiety and Depression in Adolescence Frontiers In Physiology 11 1 9
dc.subject Adolescents Psicologia
dc.title Psychosocial Factors and Chronic Illness as Predictors for Anxiety and Depression in Adolescence
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2020-09-29T15:04:46Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.568941
dc.identifier.idgrec 140612

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