Chronic nail biting, orthodontic treatment and Enterobacteriaceae in the oral cavity
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Chronic nail biting, orthodontic treatment and Enterobacteriaceae in the oral cavity

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Chronic nail biting, orthodontic treatment and Enterobacteriaceae in the oral cavity

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dc.contributor.author Chinnasamy, Alagesan es
dc.contributor.author Ramalingam, Karthikeyan es
dc.contributor.author Chopra, Pallu es
dc.contributor.author Gopinath, Vidhya es
dc.contributor.author Bishnoi, Gyan-Prakash es
dc.contributor.author Chawla, Gurveen es
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-05T08:58:57Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-05T08:58:57Z
dc.date.issued 2019 es
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/72893
dc.description.abstract Chronic nail biting is common in children and young adults. Auto inoculation of environmental pathogens can manifest as infection in distant organs. Multi-drug resistance gram negative bacteria are on the rise globally. Several of the foodborne bacteria fall within the Enterobacteriaceae family but very few studies have explored these microbes in the oral cavity of children with chronic nail-biting habit or orthodontic treatment. The study aims to investigate oral load of Enterobacteriaceae in children with chronic nail-biting habit and or those undergoing orthodontic treatment. 150 children (no nail-biting n=30, nail biting n=60, fixed orthodontic treatment n =30 and a combination of fixed orthodontic appliance use and nail-biting habit n =30) were assessed for culture based microbiological investigation. The concentrated oral rinse technique was used. The rinse was inoculated in MacConkey?s and Blood Agar. The gram stained culture was subjected to biochemical tests for sub-species identification using Biomerieux Vitek 2 Compact Automated Microbiological Analyzer. Fisher?s exact and Kruskal Wallis with post hoc analysis using Dunn method was performed to test association and difference between groups. Enterobacteriaceae was positive for 72% of the children. Of them, nail biting or orthodontic treatment group comprised 89%. Those with a combination of nail biting and undergoing orthodontic treatment exhibited highest CFU/ml and those without nail biting or orthodontic treatment exhibited the lowest. Three of the four organisms isolated tested positive in the orthodontic treatment group. E. coli was positive in 38% of the children while Klebsiella and E. cloacae were isolated exclusively in the orthodontic treatment group. Chronic nail biting or the use of fixed orthodontic appliances is associated with higher incidence of Enterobacteriaceae in the oral cavity. Oral health professionals play an important role in preventing multi drug resistance infectious diseases. es
dc.source Chinnasamy, Alagesan ; Ramalingam, Karthikeyan ; Chopra, Pallu ; Gopinath, Vidhya ; Bishnoi, Gyan-Prakash ; Chawla, Gurveen. Chronic nail biting, orthodontic treatment and Enterobacteriaceae in the oral cavity. En: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 11 12 2019: 1157-1162 es
dc.title Chronic nail biting, orthodontic treatment and Enterobacteriaceae in the oral cavity es
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::CIENCIAS MÉDICAS es
dc.identifier.doi 10.4317/jced.56059 es

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