Microwear and isotopic analyses on cave bear remains from Toll Cave reveal both short-term and longterm dietary habits
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Microwear and isotopic analyses on cave bear remains from Toll Cave reveal both short-term and longterm dietary habits

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Microwear and isotopic analyses on cave bear remains from Toll Cave reveal both short-term and longterm dietary habits

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dc.contributor.author Ramírez-pedraza, Iván
dc.contributor.author Tornero, Carlos
dc.contributor.author Pappa, Spyridoula
dc.contributor.author Talamo, Sahra
dc.contributor.author Salazar García, Domingo Carlos
dc.contributor.author Blasco, Ruth
dc.contributor.author Rosell, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Rivals, Florent
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-10T08:03:33Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-10T08:03:33Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/69822
dc.description.abstract Dietary habits of the extinct Ursus spelaeus have always been a controversial topic in paleontologicalvstudies. In this work, we investigate carbon and nitrogen values in the bone collagen and dental microwear of U. spelaeus specimens recovered in Level 4 from Toll Cave (Moià, Catalonia, NE Iberian Peninsula). These remains have been dated to > 49,000 14C BP. The ability of both proxies to provide data on the diet of U. spelaeus at different times in the life-history (isotopes: average diet of life; microwear: last days/weeks before death), allows us to generate high-resolution and complementary data. Our results show lower values (δ13C & δ15N) in cave bears than in strict herbivores (i.e. Cervus elaphus) recovered from the same level of Toll Cave. On the other hand, 12 lower molars (m1) were analysed through low-magnification microwear technique. The cave bears from Toll Cave show a microwear pattern like that of extant bears with omnivorous and carnivorous diets. These data are discussed in the framework of all available data in Europe and add new information about the plasticity of the dietary habits of this species at the southern latitudes of Europe during Late Pleistocene periods.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Scientific Reports, 2019, num. 9, p. 5716
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Ramírez-pedraza, Iván Tornero, Carlos Pappa, Spyridoula Talamo, Sahra Salazar García, Domingo Carlos Blasco, Ruth Rosell, Jordi Rivals, Florent 2019 Microwear and isotopic analyses on cave bear remains from Toll Cave reveal both short-term and longterm dietary habits Scientific Reports 9 5716
dc.subject Prehistòria
dc.title Microwear and isotopic analyses on cave bear remains from Toll Cave reveal both short-term and longterm dietary habits
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2019-04-10T08:03:33Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42152-7
dc.identifier.idgrec 131001

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