Periodontal treatment on patients with cardiovascular disease : systematic review and meta-analysis
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Periodontal treatment on patients with cardiovascular disease : systematic review and meta-analysis

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Periodontal treatment on patients with cardiovascular disease : systematic review and meta-analysis

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dc.contributor.author Roca-Millan, Elisabet es
dc.contributor.author González Navarro, Beatriz es
dc.contributor.author Sabater Recolons, M.M. es
dc.contributor.author Marí Roig, Antonio es
dc.contributor.author Jane Salas, Enric es
dc.contributor.author López López, José es
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-14T08:59:46Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-14T08:59:46Z
dc.date.issued 2018 es
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/68971
dc.description.abstract Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the main cause of mortality in developed countries. It is a chronic and systemic inflammatory disease with a multifactorial etiology. Periodontal disease is one of the many factors that contribute to its development. To analyze the effects of periodontal treatment on cardiovascular risk parameters in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A systematic research was conducted in the Pubmed/Medline databases for clinical trials published up to and including the year 2017. Ten articles were included for analysis. Periodontal treatment reduced C-reactive protein levels (77.8% of clinical trials), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (66.7%), interleukin-6 (100%) and leukocytes (50%). Fibrinogen levels also improved considerably (66.7%). Effects on lipid parameters were more limited, whereby only oxidized low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly. Meta-analysis showed a statistically significant decreased in C-reactive protein and leukocytes values when patients were submitted to non-surgical periodontal treatment in contrast to receiving no treatment at all (mean difference 1.199 mg/L, 95% confidence interval: 1.100-1.299, p<0.001; and mean difference 0,79 g/L, 95% confidence interval: 0.717-0.879, p<0.001, respectively). Periodontal treatment has a beneficial effect on some of the biochemical parameters considered to represent cardiovascular risk. Further randomized clinical trials are necessary, with longer follow-up periods including regular periodic monitoring, in order to determine the extent of the impact of periodontal treatment. es
dc.source Roca-Millan, Elisabet ; González Navarro, Beatriz ; Sabater Recolons, M.M. ; Marí Roig, Antonio ; Jane Salas, Enric ; López López, José. Periodontal treatment on patients with cardiovascular disease : systematic review and meta-analysis. En: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa, 23 6 2018: 7- es
dc.title Periodontal treatment on patients with cardiovascular disease : systematic review and meta-analysis es
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::CIENCIAS MÉDICAS es
dc.identifier.doi 10.4317/medoral.22725 es

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