Randomized controlled study of a mandibular advancement appliance for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in children: a pilot study
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Randomized controlled study of a mandibular advancement appliance for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in children: a pilot study

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Randomized controlled study of a mandibular advancement appliance for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in children: a pilot study

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dc.contributor.author Machado-Junior, Almiro-José es
dc.contributor.author Signorelli, Luiz-Gabriel es
dc.contributor.author Zancanella, Edilson es
dc.contributor.author Crespo, Agrício-Nubiato es
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-26T11:59:59Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-26T11:59:59Z
dc.date.issued 2016 es
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/54786
dc.relation es
dc.source Machado-Junior, Almiro-José ; Signorelli, Luiz-Gabriel ; Zancanella, Edilson ; Crespo, Agrício-Nubiato. Randomized controlled study of a mandibular advancement appliance for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in children: a pilot study. En: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed inglesa, 2016, Vol. 21, No. 4: 403- es
dc.subject Odontología es
dc.subject Ciencias de la salud es
dc.title Randomized controlled study of a mandibular advancement appliance for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in children: a pilot study es
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::CIENCIAS MÉDICAS es
dc.description.abstractenglish Background: The current limited evidence may be suggestive that mandibular advancement appliance (MAAs) result in improvements in AHI scores, but it is not possible to conclude that MAAs are effective to treat paediatric OSA. There are significant weaknesses in the existing evidence due primarily to absence of control groups, small sample sizes, lack of randomization and short-term results. Aim: the objective of the present study was to evaluate MAAs in children with OSA. Material and Methods: Children presenting an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) greater than or equal to one event per hour were considered to be apneic. This group of children with AHI greater than or equal to one was randomly divided through a draw into two subgroups: half of them in an experimental subgroup and half of them in a control subgroup. In the experimental subgroup, molds of each of these children’s maxillary and mandibular arches were taken using standard molds and molding material. The control group did not use any intraoral device and did not undergo any type of treatment for OSAS. The MAAs used in this study had the aim of achieving mandibular advancement, thereby correcting the mandibular position and dental occlusion, and perhaps increasing the airway and treating OSAS. After 12 consecutive months of use of the mandibular advancement devices, polysomnography examinations using the same parameters as in the initial examinations were requested for both the experimental and the control subgroup. Results: There was a decrease in AHI in the experimental group and an increase in the control group, with statistical significance. These data were used to calculate the sample size, which was 28 children in total in the groups. Conclusions: There was a decrease in AHI one year after implementing use of mandibular advancement devices, in comparison with the group that did not use these devices. es

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