Cross-Sectional Assessment of Nut Consumption and Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome and Other Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: The PREDIMED Study
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Cross-Sectional Assessment of Nut Consumption and Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome and Other Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: The PREDIMED Study

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Cross-Sectional Assessment of Nut Consumption and Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome and Other Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: The PREDIMED Study

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dc.contributor.author Ibarrola-Jurado, Núria es_ES
dc.contributor.author Bulló, Mònica es_ES
dc.contributor.author Guasch-Ferré, Marta es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ros, Emilio es_ES
dc.contributor.author Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Corella, Dolores es_ES
dc.contributor.author Fiol, Miquel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Wärnberg, Julia es_ES
dc.contributor.author Estruch, Ramón es_ES
dc.contributor.author Román, Pilar es_ES
dc.contributor.author Arós, Fernando es_ES
dc.contributor.author Vinyoles, Ernest es_ES
dc.contributor.author Serra-Majem, Lluís es_ES
dc.contributor.author Pintó, Xavier es_ES
dc.contributor.author Covas, María-Isabel es_ES
dc.contributor.author Basora, Josep es_ES
dc.contributor.author Salas-Salvadó, Jordi es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-18T12:29:19Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-18T12:29:19Z
dc.date.issued 2013 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/44464
dc.description.abstract IntroductionProspective studies have consistently suggested that nut consumption is inversely related to fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease. Limited data are available on the epidemiological associations between nut intake and cardiometabolic risk factors.ObjectiveTo evaluate associations between frequency of nut consumption and prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors [obesity, metabolic syndrome (MetS), type-2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia] in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk.Materials and MethodsCross-sectional study of 7,210 men and women (mean age, 67 y) recruited into the PREDIMED study. MetS was defined by the harmonized ATPIII and IDF criteria. Diabetes and hypertension were assessed by clinical diagnosis and dyslipidemia (high triglycerides, low HDL-cholesterol, and hypercholesterolemia) by lipid analyses. Nut consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire and categorized as <1, 1–3, and >3 servings/wk. Control of confounding was done with multivariate logistic regression.ResultsCompared to participants consuming <1 serving/wk of nuts, those consuming >3 servings/wk had lower adjusted odds ratios (OR) for obesity (0.61, 95% confidence interval 0.54 to 0.68; P-trend <0.001), MetS (0.74, 0.65 to 0.85; P-trend<0.001), and diabetes (0.87, 0.78 to 0.99; P-trend = 0.043). Higher nut consumption was also associated with lower risk of the abdominal obesity MetS criterion (OR 0.68, 0.60 to 0.79; P-trend<0.001). No significant associations were observed for the MetS components high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, or elevated fasting glucose.ConclusionsNut consumption was inversely associated with the prevalence of general obesity, central obesity, MetS, and diabetes in subjects at high cardiovascular risk. es_ES
dc.source PLoS ONE Vol. 8 Issue 2: es_ES
dc.title Cross-Sectional Assessment of Nut Consumption and Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome and Other Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: The PREDIMED Study es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0057367 es_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec 089576 es_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec 089862

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