Entre l’entusiasme i l’obstruccionisme : la realitat de l’escola valenciana durant la Segona República (1931-1939)
NAGIOS: RODERIC FUNCIONANDO

Entre l’entusiasme i l’obstruccionisme : la realitat de l’escola valenciana durant la Segona República (1931-1939)

DSpace Repository

Entre l’entusiasme i l’obstruccionisme : la realitat de l’escola valenciana durant la Segona República (1931-1939)

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Agulló Díaz, María del Carmen
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-20T07:30:58Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-20T07:30:58Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/2225
dc.description -M.Carmen.Agullo@uv.es en
dc.description.abstract Una mirada crítica respecte del debat teòric i de les pràctiques escolars a les comarques valencianes al llarg de la Segona República ens revela que els enfrontaments constants de caràcter polític que tingueren lloc entre els principals partits d’aquest àmbit territorial condicionaren, en bona mesura, la realitat de les polítiques educatives republicanes provinents dels organismes estatals. Els plantejaments oposats del Partit d’Unió Republicana Autonomista (republicà, laic, populista) i la Dreta Regional Valenciana (catòlica, de dretes, interclassista) en temes com l’escola unificada, el laïcisme o la coeducació, provocaren el retard en l’aplicació del Pla nacional de cultura, l’aplicació de mesures obstruccionistes al desenvolupament de l’escola pública, i el boicot a la materialització de pràctiques laiques i coeducatives. Tot plegat, la manca de consciència nacionalista de tots dos partits, afegida a la despreocupació pels temes identitaris dels partits estatals, va conduir al fet que no fructificaren els esforços d’importants sectors del magisteri per aconseguir una escola en valencià. L’escola valenciana, malgrat tot, va viure durant l’etapa republicana la seua època més lluminosa. en
dc.language.iso ca en
dc.relation http://publicacions.iec.cat/repository/pdf/00000053%5C00000062.pdf en
dc.source AGULLÓ DÍAZ, M. del Carmen. Entre l’entusiasme i l’obstruccionisme: la realitat de l’escola valenciana durant la Segona República (1931-1939), Educació i Història: Revista d’Història de l’Educació, 2008, no. 11, p. 102-132 en
dc.subject Laïcisme; Coeducació; Escola pública; Escola unificada; Escola republicana; PURA; DRV; Escola valenciana en
dc.title Entre l’entusiasme i l’obstruccionisme : la realitat de l’escola valenciana durant la Segona República (1931-1939) en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::HISTORIA::Historia por épocas en
dc.identifier.doi 10.2436/20.3009.01.25 en
dc.description.abstractenglish Seventy-five years after the proclamation of the Second Republic, the studies that allow the knowledge of its education policy in a general field are numerous now. But, it’s necessary a micro-look that brings us near, in a more specific and detailed way, both to its carrying out and to the difficulties that came up and which, to a great extent, made them impossible. Reducing these studies to the Valencian comarcas (administrative divisions comprising a number of municipalities) allows the direction to a closer and critical look on the theoretical debate and on the school practices which took place in this area. They show the way in which the constant political confrontations which came up between the most important state parties and the local parties within this territorial field, conditioned, to a great extent, the materialization of the republican education policies. A fourth debate about the introduction of the Valencian language is added to the three big debates related to the conflict Church-State (unified school / freedom to teach; laicism / Catholicism, and coeducation / sex segregation). All of them acquire outstanding shades due to the introduction in the struggle between right-wing parties and left-wing parties, the particular conflict between the two Valencian political forces whose outstanding and influence are bigger: the Valencian republican Blasco party called Partit d’Unió Republicana Autonomista (PURA), (republican, secular, populist) and the Valencian right-wing party called Dreta Regional Valenciana (DRV), (catholic, right-wing, inter-class). While the laicism defences nearly exclusively the educative policy of the PURA, the freedom to teach, understood as the respect for the catholic initiative, will be the starting point of the DRV. Party interests, its successive alliances and confrontations and the hindering of the most conservative sector of the Department of Education (Magisteri), will cause the delay in the application of the National Culture Plan (Pla Nacional de Cultura), (PNC). The obstructionist measures in the development of the state school and the boycott of the secular and co-educative practices materialization impede the development of global or far-reaching educative projects and reduce the pedagogical renovation to isolated experiences. The addition of the lack of nationalist consciousness of both parties to the unconcern of the state parties in identity issues, explains the null fruition of the efforts made by sectors of the PNC to obtain a school in the Valencian language. Despite of the difficulties and limitations, the balance is rather positive: insufficient creation, but real, of state schools, construction of buildings respect for the teachers’ and pupils’ conscience, setting up of canteens and child summer camps, introduction of renewal pedagogical practices in rural and urban schools. All things considered, the Valencian school lived, during the republican phase, its more shining period. en

View       (186.0Kb)

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace

Advanced Search

Browse

Statistics