A review of virus infections of cetaceans and the potential impact of morbilliviruses, poxviruses and papillomaviruses on host population dynamics
NAGIOS: RODERIC FUNCIONANDO

A review of virus infections of cetaceans and the potential impact of morbilliviruses, poxviruses and papillomaviruses on host population dynamics

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A review of virus infections of cetaceans and the potential impact of morbilliviruses, poxviruses and papillomaviruses on host population dynamics

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dc.contributor.author Van Bressem, Marie-Françoise
dc.contributor.author Van Waerebeek, Koen
dc.contributor.author Raga Esteve, Juan Antonio
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-19T09:12:31Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-19T09:12:31Z
dc.date.issued 1999
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/20046
dc.description.abstract Viruses belonging to 9 families have been detected in cetaceans. We critically review the clinical features, pathology and epidemiology of the diseases they cause. Cetacean morbillivirus (family Paramyxoviridae) induces a serious disease with a high mortality rate and persists in several populations. It may have long-term effects on the dynamics of cetacean populations either as enzootic infection or recurrent epizootics. The latter presumably have the more profound impact due to removal of sexually mature individuals. Members of the family Poxviridae infect several species of odontocetes, resulting in ring and tattoo skin lesions. Although poxviruses apparently do not induce a high mortality, circumstancial evidence suggests they may be lethal in young animals lacking protective immunity, and thus may negatively affect net recruitment. Papillomaviruses (family Papovaviridae) cause genital warts in at least 3 species of cetaceans. In 10% of male Burmeister's porpoises Phocoena spinipinnis from Peru, lesions were sufficiently severe to at least hamper, if not impede, copulation. Members of the families Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae and Rhabdoviridae were demonstrated in cetaceans suffering serious illnesses, but with the exception of a 'porpoise herpesvirus' their causative role is still tentative. Herpes-like viruses and caliciviruses (Caliciviridae) give rise to cutaneous diseases in Monodontidae and Delphinidae. Antibodies to several serotypes of caliciviruses were found in odontocetes and mysticetes. An unrecognized Hepadnaviridae was detected by serology in a captive Pacific white-sided dolphin Lagenorhynchus obliquidens with chronic persistent hepatitis. Adenoviruses (Adenoviridae) were isolated from the intestinal tracts of mysticeti and a beluga Delphinapterus leucas but were not associated with any pathologies. We discuss the potential impact of Paramyxoviridae, Poxviridae and Papovaviridae on the dynamics of several odontocete populations. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation http://www.int-res.com/articles/dao/38/d038p053.pdf en
dc.source VAN BRESSEM, Marie-Françoise ; Van Waerebeek, Koen ; Raga Esteve, Juan Antonio, 1999, A review of virus infections of cetaceans and the potential impact of morbilliviruses, poxviruses and papillomaviruses on host population dynamics, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, vol. 38, no. 1, p. 53-65 en
dc.subject Paramyxoviridae ; Poxviridae ; Papovaviridae ; Herpesviridae ; Orthomyxoviridae ; Rhabdoviridae ; Caliciviridae ; Hepadnaviridae ; Adenoviridae ; Cetaceans ; Viral diseases en
dc.title A review of virus infections of cetaceans and the potential impact of morbilliviruses, poxviruses and papillomaviruses on host population dynamics en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::CIENCIAS DE LA VIDA en
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::CIENCIAS DE LA VIDA::Biología animal (Zoología) en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3354/dao038053 en
dc.description.private Raga Esteve, Juan Antonio, Toni.Raga@uv.es en

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