Putting Oneself in the Body of Others: A Pilot Study on the Efficacy of an Embodied Virtual Reality System to Generate Self-Compassion
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Putting Oneself in the Body of Others: A Pilot Study on the Efficacy of an Embodied Virtual Reality System to Generate Self-Compassion

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Putting Oneself in the Body of Others: A Pilot Study on the Efficacy of an Embodied Virtual Reality System to Generate Self-Compassion

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dc.contributor.author Cebolla i Martí, Ausiàs Josep
dc.contributor.author Herrero, Rocío
dc.contributor.author Ventura, Sara
dc.contributor.author Miragall Montilla, Marta
dc.contributor.author Bellosta Batalla, Miguel
dc.contributor.author Llorens, Roberto
dc.contributor.author Baños Rivera, Rosa María
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-18T15:52:49Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-18T15:52:49Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10550/70895
dc.description.abstract Compassion-based interventions (CBIs) have been shown to be effective for increasing empathy and compassion, and reducing stress, anxiety, and depression. CBIs are based on constructive meditations where imagery abilities are essential. One of the major difficulties that participants report during the training is the difficulty related to imagery abilities. Virtual reality (VR) can be a useful tool to overcome this limitation because it can facilitate the construction and sustainment of mental images. The machine to be another (TMTBA) uses multi-sensory stimulation to induce a body swap illusion. This system allows participants to see themselves from a third perspective and have the illusion of touching themselves from outside. The main objective of the present study was to analyze the efficacy of a self-compassion meditation procedure based on the TMTBA system versus the usual meditation procedure (CAU) in increasing positive affect states, mindful self-care, and adherence to the practice, and explore the influence of imagery abilities as moderators of the effects of the condition on adherence. A sample of 16 participants were randomly assigned to two conditions: TMTBA-VR and CAU. All participants had to listen to an audio meditation about self-compassion and answer questionnaires before and after the training. The TMTBA-VR condition also had a body swap experience at the end of the meditation while listening to self-compassionate messages. Afterward, they were invited to practice this meditation for 2 weeks and then measured again. After the compassion practice, both conditions significantly increased positive qualities toward self/others, decreased negative qualities toward self, and increased awareness and attention to mental events and bodily sensations, with no differences between the conditions. After 2 weeks, both conditions showed a similar frequency of meditation practice and increases in specific types of self-care behaviors, with the frequency of clinical self-care behaviors being significantly higher in TMTBA. Finally, lower imagery ability in the visual and cutaneous modality were moderators of the efficacy of the TMTBA (vs. CAU) condition in increasing adherence to the practice. Embodied VR could be an interesting tool to facilitate and increase the efficacy of CBIs by facilitating the construction of positive and powerful mental images.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers In Psychology, 2019
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Cebolla i Martí, Ausiàs Josep Herrero, Rocío Ventura, Sara Miragall Montilla, Marta Bellosta Batalla, Miguel Llorens, Roberto Baños Rivera, Rosa María 2019 Putting Oneself in the Body of Others: A Pilot Study on the Efficacy of an Embodied Virtual Reality System to Generate Self-Compassion Frontiers In Psychology
dc.subject Psicologia
dc.subject Personalitat
dc.title Putting Oneself in the Body of Others: A Pilot Study on the Efficacy of an Embodied Virtual Reality System to Generate Self-Compassion
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2019-07-18T15:52:49Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01521
dc.identifier.idgrec 133606

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