The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services
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The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services

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The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services

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dc.contributor.author Keesstra, Saskia
dc.contributor.author Nunes, Joao
dc.contributor.author Novara, Agata
dc.contributor.author Finger, David
dc.contributor.author Avelar, David
dc.contributor.author Kalantari, Zahra
dc.contributor.author Cerdà Bolinches, Artemi
dc.date.accessioned 2018-04-16T11:56:09Z
dc.date.available 2018-04-16T11:56:09Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/65692
dc.description.abstract The rehabilitation and restoration of land is a key strategy to recover services -goods and resources- ecosystems offer to the humankind. This paper reviews key examples to understand the superior effect of nature based solutions to enhance the sustainability of catchment systems by promoting desirable soil and landscape functions. The use of concepts such as connectivity and the theory of system thinking framework allowed to review coastal and river management as a guide to evaluate other strategies to achieve sustainability. In landmanagement NBSs are not mainstream management. Through a set of case studies: organic farming in Spain; rewilding in Slovenia; land restoration in Iceland, sediment trapping in Ethiopia and wetland construction in Sweden, we showthe potential of Nature based solutions (NBSs) as a cost-effective long term solution for hydrological risks and land degradation. NBSs can be divided into two main groups of strategies: soil solutions and landscape solutions. Soil solutions aimto enhance the soil health and soil functions throughwhich local eco-systemserviceswill bemaintained or restored. Landscape solutions mainly focus on the concept of connectivity. Making the landscape less connected, facilitating less rainfall to be transformed into runoff and therefore reducing flood risk, increasing soilmoisture and reducing droughts and soil erosionwe can achieve the sustainability. The enhanced eco-system services directly feed into the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations.
dc.relation.ispartof Science of the Total Environment, 2018, vol. 610/611, p. 997-1009
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.source Keesstra, Saskia Nunes, Joao Novara, Agata Finger, David Avelar, David Kalantari, Zahra Cerdà Bolinches, Artemi 2018 The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services Science of the Total Environment 610/611 997 1009
dc.title The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.date.updated 2018-04-16T11:56:09Z
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.077
dc.identifier.idgrec 125678

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