Oral lesions in HIV infected individuals from Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
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Oral lesions in HIV infected individuals from Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

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Oral lesions in HIV infected individuals from Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

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dc.contributor.author Lourenço, Alan Grupioni es
dc.contributor.author Figueiredo, Luiz Tadeu Moraes es
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-13T10:41:28Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-13T10:41:28Z
dc.date.issued 2008 es
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/60788
dc.description.abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to diagnosis oral lesions related to HIV infection in individuals followed in the General Hospital of the School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. The presence of oral lesions was correlated with gender, age, smoking habit, levels of CD4 lymphocytes, HIV load, time of HIV seropositivity, AIDS condition, use of removable dental prosthesis, and use of HAART. Materials and Methods: 340 HIV infected individuals were selected for this study, all participants of the study were examined by only one practiced dentist which performed anamnesis, peribuccal and oral examination. Results: Oral lesions were observed in 113 of 340 (33.2%) HIV infected individuals. These oral lesions included: oral candidiasis (17.7%) of pseudomembranous (10.8%) and of erythematous types (6.9%), angular cheilitis (13.9%), hairy leukoplakia (11.8%), and oral ulcers (2.1%). Oral candidiasis lesions were more frequently observed in women (p.033). Smoking addict participants presented a high frequency of tongue hairy leukoplakia (p.038) and a reduced frequency of oral ulcers (p.018). Hairy leukoplakia and pseudomembranous candidiasis were inversely correlated to CD4+L levels and directly correlated with HIV load, behaving as immune depression markers. Hairy leukoplakia and pseudomembranous candidiasis also showed an inverse correlation with HAART use (p<.0001). Patients using mobile dental prosthesis presented a high frequency of erythematous candidiasis (p.003). Conclusion: The inverse correlation with CD4+L level and the direct correlation with HIV load suggest that oral lesions could be used as alternative clinical markers for poor immune condition in HIV infected individuals. es
dc.source Lourenço, Alan Grupioni ; Figueiredo, Luiz Tadeu Moraes. Oral lesions in HIV infected individuals from Ribeirão Preto, Brazil . En: Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal. Ed. inglesa, 13 5 2008: 3- es
dc.title Oral lesions in HIV infected individuals from Ribeirão Preto, Brazil es
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.subject.unesco UNESCO::CIENCIAS MÉDICAS es
dc.identifier.doi es

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