The effect of perceived discrimination on the health of immigrant workers in Spain
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The effect of perceived discrimination on the health of immigrant workers in Spain

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The effect of perceived discrimination on the health of immigrant workers in Spain

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dc.contributor.author Agudelo-Suárez, Andrés es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ronda-Pérez, Elena es_ES
dc.contributor.author Gil-González, Diana es_ES
dc.contributor.author Vives Cases, Carmen es_ES
dc.contributor.author García, Ana M. es_ES
dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Frutos, Carlos es_ES
dc.contributor.author Felt, Emily es_ES
dc.contributor.author Benavides, Fernando G. es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-22T09:52:42Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-22T09:52:42Z
dc.date.issued 2011 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10550/44687
dc.description.abstract BackgroundDiscrimination is an important determinant of health inequalities, and immigrants may be more vulnerable to certain types of discrimination than the native-born. This study analyses the relationship between immigrants' perceived discrimination and various self-reported health indicators.MethodsA cross-sectional survey was conducted (2008) amongst a non-random sample of 2434 immigrants from Ecuador, Morocco, Romania and Colombia in four Spanish cities: Barcelona, Huelva, Madrid and Valencia. A factorial analysis of variables revealed three dimensions of perceived discrimination (due to immigrant status, due to physical appearance, and workplace-related). The association of these dimensions with self-rated health, mental health (GHQ-12), change in self-rated health between origin and host country, and other self-reported health outcomes was analysed. Logistic regression was used adjusting for potential confounders (aOR-95%CI). Subjects with worsening self-reported health status potentially attributable to perceived discrimination was estimated (population attributable proportion, PAP %).Results73.3% of men and 69.3% of women immigrants reported discrimination due to immigrant status. Moroccans showed the highest prevalence of perceived discrimination. Immigrants reporting discrimination were at significantly higher risk of reporting health problems than those not reporting discrimination. Workplace-related discrimination was associated with poor mental health (aOR 2.97 95%CI 2.45-3.60), and the worsening of self-rated health (aOR 2.20 95%CI 1.73- 2.80). 40% (95% CI 24-53) PAP of those reporting worse self-rated health could be attributable to discrimination due to immigrant status.ConclusionsDiscrimination may constitute a risk factor for health in immigrant workers in Spain and could explain some health inequalities among immigrant populations in Spanish society. es_ES
dc.source BMC Public Health Vol. 11 pp. 652-652 es_ES
dc.title The effect of perceived discrimination on the health of immigrant workers in Spain es_ES
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1471-2458-11-652 es_ES
dc.identifier.idgrec 077559 es_ES

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